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Keeping Parent Visible While Child in :focus

Say we have a <div>.

We only want this div to be visible when it’s hovered, so:

div:hover {
opacity: 1;
}

We need focus styles as well, for accessibility, so:

div:hover,
div:focus {
opacity: 1;
}

But div’s can’t be focused on their own, so we’ll need:

<div tabindex="0">
</div>

There is content in this div. Not just text, but links as well.

<div tabindex="0">
<p>This little piggy went to market.</p>
<a href="#market">Go to market</a>
</div>

This is …


Keeping Parent Visible While Child in :focus is a post from CSS-Tricks

Accessibility Testing Tools

There is a sentiment that accessibility isn’t a checklist, meaning that if you’re really trying to make a site accessible, you don’t just get to check some things off a list and call it perfect. The list may be imperfect and worse, it takes the user out of the equation, so it is said.

Karl Groves once argued against this:

I’d argue that a well-documented process which includes checklist-based evaluations are better at ensuring that all users’ …


Accessibility Testing Tools is a post from CSS-Tricks

Advocating for Accessible UI Design

Accessibility is a hot topic these days, and the older we web-makers get, the hotter it’s going to become! That might be a snarky outlook, but what I’m trying to say is that it’s about time we start designing the web for everyone because the web was meant to be for everyone, and less and less are we able to predict where, when, and how our work will be consumed.

Accessibility is not just up to developers

As developers, we …


Advocating for Accessible UI Design is a post from CSS-Tricks

Accessible Web Apps with React, TypeScript, and AllyJS

Accessibility is an aspect of web development that is often overlooked. I would argue that it is as vital as overall performance and code reusability. We justify our endless pursuit of better performance and responsive design by citing the users, but ultimately these pursuits are done with the user’s device in mind, not the user themselves and their potential disabilities or restrictions.

A responsive app should be one that delivers its content based on the needs of the user, not


Accessible Web Apps with React, TypeScript, and AllyJS is a post from CSS-Tricks

How to Disable Links

The topic of disabling links popped up at my work the other day. Somehow, a “disabled” anchor style was added to our typography styles last year when I wasn’t looking. There is a problem though: there is no real way to disable an <a> link (with a valid href attribute) in HTML. Not to mention, why would you even want to? Links are the basis of the web.

At a certain point, it looked like my co-workers were not going …


How to Disable Links is a post from CSS-Tricks

Simple Patterns for Separation (Better Than Color Alone)

Color is pretty good for separating things. That’s what your basic pie chart is, isn’t it? You tell the slices apart by color. With enough color contrast, you might be OK, but you might be even better off (particularly where accessibility is concerned) using patterns, or a combination.

Patrick Dillon tackled the Pie Chart thing

Enhancing Charts With SVG Patterns:

When one of the slices is filled with something more than color, it’s easier to figure out [who the …


Simple Patterns for Separation (Better Than Color Alone) is a post from CSS-Tricks

ARIA is Spackle, Not Rebar

Much like their physical counterparts, the materials we use to build websites have purpose. To use them without understanding their strengths and limitations is irresponsible. Nobody wants to live in an poorly-built house. So why are poorly-built websites acceptable?

In this post, I’m going to address WAI-ARIA, and how misusing it can do more harm than good.

Materials as technology

In construction, spackle is used to fix minor defects on interiors. It is a thick paste that dries into …


ARIA is Spackle, Not Rebar is a post from CSS-Tricks

Best Way to Programmatically Zoom a Web Application

Website accessibility has always been important, but nowadays, when we have clear standards and regulations from governments in most countries, it’s become even more crucial to support those standards and make our projects as accessible as they can be.

The W3C recommendation provides 3 level of conformance: A, AA and AAA. To be at the AA level, among other requirements, we have to provide a way to increase the site’s font size:

1.4.4 Resize text: Except for captions


Best Way to Programmatically Zoom a Web Application is a post from CSS-Tricks

Removing that ugly :focus ring (and keeping it too)

David Gilbertson:

Removing the focus outline is like removing the wheelchair ramp from a school because it doesn’t fit in with the aesthetic.

So David shows how you can remove it unless you detect that the user is tabbing, then show it. Essentially you add “user-is-tabbing” class to the body when you detect the tabbing, and use that class to remove the focus styles if it’s not there (plus handle the edge cases).

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Removing that ugly :focus ring (and keeping it too) is a post from CSS-Tricks